SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
(a)Basis of presentation:
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with US GAAP. Any reference in these notes to applicable guidance is meant to refer to the authoritative US GAAP as found in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and Accounting Standards Updates (“ASU”) of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by US GAAP for complete financial statements. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The Company’s interim period results do not necessarily indicate the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full fiscal year.
The condensed consolidated balance sheet on December 31, 2021, has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by US GAAP for complete financial statements.
These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in the Company’s 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
The significant accounting policies applied in the annual consolidated financial statements of the Company as of December 31, 2021, have been applied consistently in these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, unless otherwise stated.
(b)Prior period reclassification:
During the second quarter of 2022, we presented depreciation and amortization expenses as a separate line item on our condensed consolidated statements of operations and all prior periods have been adjusted. Depreciation and amortization expenses were previously included in cost of sales and other operating expenses depending on the underlying asset’s function. Additionally, we no longer present gross profit as a subtotal on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The reclassification is to better reflect the financial performance of transactions with customers as our business has evolved and include our most recent acquisition. The change provides more clarity about changes in cost of revenue and other operating expenses exclusive of depreciation and amortization, and better align with how our peers and competitors present their financial statements.
In accordance with US GAAP, all periods presented below have been retrospectively adjusted to reflect the reclassification of cost of revenue and other operating expenses exclusive of depreciation and amortization. There was no net impact to loss from operations, net loss attributable to common stockholders or net loss per stock for any periods presented. The condensed consolidated balance sheets, condensed statements of changes in temporary equity and stockholders’ equity (deficit), and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows are not affected by this reclassification. The effect of the change is as follows:
(c)Use of estimates:
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments, and assumptions. The Company’s management believes that the estimates, judgments, and assumptions used are reasonable based upon information available at the time they are made. These estimates, judgments and assumptions can affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The COVID-19 pandemic created, and continues to create significant uncertainty in macroeconomic conditions, including supply chain disruptions and labor shortages. Further, other global events such as the war in the Ukraine and the current macro-economic inflationary environment could have an impact on our customers. Based on public reporting and our observations, some advertisers in certain industries decreased and may continue to decrease their short-term advertising spending considering some or all of these factors. This in turn could negatively impact our revenues from such advertisers.
The Company has considered the impact of COVID-19 and other global events on its estimates and assumptions and determined that there were no material adverse impacts on the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine-month period ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited). As events continue to evolve and additional information becomes available, the Company’s estimates and assumptions may change materially in future periods.
(d)Software development costs:
Software development costs, which are included in property and equipment, net, consists of capitalized costs related to purchase and develop internal-use software. The Company uses such software to provide services to its customers. The costs to purchase and develop internal-use software are capitalized from the time that the preliminary project stage is completed, and it is considered probable that the software will be used to perform the function intended. These costs include personnel and personnel-related employee benefits for employees directly associated with the software development and external costs of the materials or services consumed in developing or obtaining the software.
Any costs incurred for upgrades and functionality enhancements of the software are also capitalized. Once this software is ready for use in providing the Company's services, these costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the software, which is three years. The amortization is presented within depreciation and amortization in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. During the three and nine-month period ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited), the Company capitalized $3,749 and $7,755, respectively, related to internal-use software cost. In the third quarter of 2022, the Company recorded impairment charges of $537 related to an abandonment of certain projects for internal-use software. It is presented within depreciation, amortization and impairment in the condensed consolidated statement of operations. During the three-months period ended September 30, 2021, the Company capitalized $1,049 in internal-use software cost. There were no impairments of capitalized software costs in 2021.
The Company accounts for business combinations by applying the provisions of ASC 805, “Business Combination” (“ASC 805”) and allocates the fair value of purchase consideration to the tangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and intangible assets acquired based on their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of purchase consideration over the fair values of these identifiable assets and liabilities is recorded as goodwill. When determining the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, management makes significant estimates and assumptions, especially with respect to intangible assets.
Acquisition-related expenses are expensed as incurred.
(f)Goodwill and intangible assets:
Goodwill and certain other purchased intangible assets have been recorded in the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements because of acquisitions. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price in a business combination over the fair value of identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Goodwill is not amortized, but rather is subject to an impairment test.
The Company allocates goodwill to reporting units based on the expected benefit from the business combination. Reporting units are evaluated when changes in the Company’s operating structure occur, and if necessary, goodwill is reassigned using a relative fair value allocation approach.
ASC 350, Intangibles—Goodwill and other (“ASC 350”) requires goodwill to be tested for impairment at least annually and, in certain circumstances, between annual tests. The accounting guidance gives the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether further impairment testing is necessary. The qualitative assessment considers events and circumstances that might indicate that a reporting unit's fair value is less than it carrying amount. If it is determined, as a result of the qualitative assessment, that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than it carrying amount, a quantitative test is performed. The Company elects to perform an annual impairment test of goodwill as of October 1 of each year, or more frequently if impairment indicators are present. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and September 30, 2021 (unaudited), no impairments of goodwill were recorded.
Separately acquired intangible assets are measured on initial recognition at cost including directly attributable costs. Intangible assets acquired in a business combination are measured at fair value at the acquisition date.
Intangible assets with a finite useful life are amortized over their useful life and reviewed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the asset may be impaired. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and September 30, 2021 (unaudited), no impairments of intangible assets were recorded.
Technology and trade name are being amortized over the estimated useful life of approximately 6 and 8 years, respectively, using straight-line amortization method.
The amortization of trade name, customer relationships and technology is presented within depreciation, amortization and impairment in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
(g)Fair value of financial instruments:
The Company applies a fair value framework to measure and disclose its financial assets and liabilities. Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs, where available, and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 - Observable inputs that reflect quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 - Includes other inputs that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity.
The Company’s financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, restricted deposits, trade receivables, net, trade payables, employees, and payroll accruals, accrued expenses and other current liabilities and current portion of long-term debts. Their historical carrying amounts are approximate fair values due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.
The Company measures its investments in money market funds classified as cash equivalents and warrants liability at fair value.
The following table present information about the Company’s financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
The change in the fair value of the Level 3 warrant liability is summarized below:
* Additions during the year ended December 31, 2021, represent Company Warrant liability assumed in the Transaction. See Note 5 for further details.
As of September 30, 2022 (unaudited), the Company’s warrants liability includes warrants that were originally issued in connection with the ION IPO, which were transferred to the Company as part of the Closing. The Company Warrants are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value with changes in fair value recognized through earnings. The Company has determined that the fair value of the Public Warrants at a specific date is determined by the closing price of the Company’s Public Warrants, traded under the symbol “CTVWS” and within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. The closing quoted price of the Public Warrants was $0.48 and $1.11 as of September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021, respectively. The fair value of the Public Warrants was $1,518 and $3,510 as of September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021, respectively. Gains and losses from the remeasurement of the warrants liability are recognized in “Finance expenses (income), net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The Private Placement Warrants are classified as Level 3 as of September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and continue to be valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants was $6,072 and $15,462 as of September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021, respectively. Gains and losses from the remeasurement of the warrants liability are recognized in “Finance expenses (income), net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The key inputs into the Black-Scholes model for the Private Placement Warrants were as follows:
Fair value estimates are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information and information about the financial instruments. These estimates are subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and, therefore, cannot be determined with precision. Changes in assumptions could significantly affect these estimates.
(h)Concentrations of credit risks:
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents, deposits and trade receivables, net.
Most of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents are invested in deposits with major banks in US and Israel. Generally, these investments may be redeemed upon demand and, therefore, bear minimal risk.
The Company’s trade receivables, net is mainly derived from sales to customers located in the APAC, EMEA, and LATAM. The Company mitigates its credit risks by performing an ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial conditions.
The Company has no off-balance-sheet concentration of credit risk such as foreign exchange contracts, option contracts or other foreign hedging arrangements.
Two of the Company’s customers accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s total revenues during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and one customer during the three months ended September 30, 2021.
*) less than 10%
The Company accounts for warrants as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the warrant’s specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance. The assessment considers whether the warrants are freestanding financial instruments, meet the definition of a liability under ASC 480 and meet all the requirements for equity classification, including whether the warrants are indexed to the Company’s own common stock and whether the warrant holders could potentially require “net cash settlement” in a circumstance outside of the Company’s control, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent reporting period end date while the warrants are outstanding.
Warrants that meet all the criteria for equity classification, are required to be recorded as a component of additional paid-in capital. Warrants that do not meet all the criteria for equity classification, are required to be recorded as liabilities at their initial fair value on the date of issuance and remeasured to fair value at each balance sheet date thereafter. The liability-classified warrants are recorded under non-current liabilities. Changes in the estimated fair value of the warrants are recognized in “Financial expenses (income), net” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The Company generates revenues from providing Advertising Services to advertisers, publishers, and media agencies. The services focus on standard, interactive and data driven digital video advertising. The Company’s revenue streams are ad serving, creative and measurement services. Ad serving services relate to utilizing Innovid’s platform to serve advertising impressions to various digital publishers across CTV, mobile TV, desktop TV, display, and other channels. Creative services relate to the design and development of interactive data-driven and dynamic ad formats by adding data, interactivity and dynamic features to standard ad units. The Company also provides measurement services through access to a measurement application in real time or by delivery of a report. Measurement services relate to analytics of advertisements and campaigns.
The Company recognizes revenue when its customer obtains control of promised services in an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to receive in exchange for those services. The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606, Revenue from contracts with customers (“ASC 606”) and determines revenue recognition through the following steps: (1) identify the contract with a customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue when a performance obligation is satisfied.
For arrangements with multiple performance obligations, which represent promises within an arrangement that are capable of being distinct and are separately identifiable, the Company allocates the contract consideration to all distinct performance obligations based on their relative SSP. SSP is typically estimated based on observable transactions when these services are sold on a standalone basis and expected cost plus a margin approach.
Revenues related to ad serving services are recognized when impressions are delivered. The Company recognizes revenue from the display of impression-based ads in the contracted period in which the impressions are delivered. Impressions are considered delivered when an ad is displayed to users.
Revenues related to creative services are recognized at a point in time when the Company delivers an ad unit. Creative services projects are usually delivered within a week.
Revenues related to measurement services reports are recognized at a point in time, when the Company delivers the measurement report.
Revenues related to the measurement services platform are recognized over time, since the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits provided by the Company’s performance. Revenues for these measurement services are recognized over the service period.
The Company’s accounts receivable, consist primarily of receivables related to providing ad serving, creative and measurement services, for which the Company’s contracted performance obligations have been satisfied, the amount has been billed and the Company has an unconditional right to payment. The Company typically bills customers monthly based on actual delivery. The payment terms vary, mainly with terms of 60 days or less.
The typical contract term is 12 months or less for ASC 606 purposes. Some of the Company’s contracts can be cancelled without a cause. The Company has the unconditional right to payment for the services provided as of the date of the termination of the contracts.
The Company applies the practical expedient in ASC 606 and does not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component if the Company expects, at contract inception, that the period between when the Company transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less.
Ad serving and creative services were 77.2% and 98.8% of the Company’s revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and September 30, 2021 (unaudited), respectively, and were 80.9% and 98.6% of the Company’s revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and September 30, 2021 (unaudited). Measurement services were 22.5% and 1.1% for the three months ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and September 30, 2021 (unaudited), respectively, and were 18.8% and 0.9% of the Company’s revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and September 30, 2021 (unaudited).
Costs to obtain a contract:
Contract costs include commission programs to compensate sales employees for generating sales orders with new customers or for new services with existing customers. The commissions are commensurate. The Company elected to apply the practical expedient and recognize incremental costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the asset that the Company otherwise would have recognized is one year or less. The Company did not capitalize any contract costs during the nine months ended September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and September 30, 2021 (unaudited), respectively.
(k)Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued the ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The standard outlines a comprehensive lease accounting model that supersedes the previous lease guidance and requires lessees to recognize lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use (“ROU”) assets for all leases with lease terms greater than 12 months. The guidance also changes the definition of a lease and expands the disclosure requirements of lease arrangements. Innovid adopted the standard in the first quarter of 2022 using the modified retrospective method. Results for reporting periods beginning after December 31, 2021, have been presented in accordance with the standard, while results for prior periods have not been adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the Company's historical accounting. The cumulative effect of initially applying the new leases standard was recognized as an adjustment to the opening interim condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2022 (unaudited).
The Company elected a package of practical expedients for leases that commenced prior to January 1, 2022, and did not reassess historical conclusions on: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases; (ii) lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and (iii) initial direct costs capitalization for any existing leases.
This standard has a significant impact on our condensed consolidated balance sheet but did not have a significant impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations. The most significant effects relate to the recognition ROU assets and lease liabilities on interim condensed consolidated balance sheet for real estate and cars operating leases.
Upon adoption, the Company recognized lease liabilities and corresponding ROU assets, adjusted for the accrued rent and remaining lease incentives received on the adoption date, as follows:
See Note 4 for further details.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (“ASU 2019-12”). The new guidance eliminates certain exceptions related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences. It also clarifies and simplifies other aspects of the accounting for income taxes. Innovid adopted the standard in the first quarter of 2022. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805), Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, which requires contract assets and contract liabilities (i.e., deferred revenue) acquired in a business combination to be recognized and measured by the acquirer on the acquisition date in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This new guidance will result in the acquirer recognizing contract assets and contract liabilities at the same amounts recorded by the acquiree. Historically, such amounts were recognized by the acquirer at fair value in acquisition accounting. The Company adopted the standard effective in the first quarter of 2022 on a prospective basis. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
(l)Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted by the Company:
As an “emerging growth company,” the JOBS Act allows the Company to delay adoption of new or revised accounting pronouncements applicable to public companies until such pronouncements are made applicable to private companies. The Company has elected to use this extended transition period under the JOBS Act. The adoption dates discussed below reflect this election.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-06, Debt — Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging — Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”). The final guidance issued by the FASB for convertible instruments eliminates two of the three models in ASC 470-20 that require separate accounting for embedded conversion features. Separate accounting is still required in certain cases. Additionally, among other changes, the guidance eliminates some of the conditions for equity classification in ASC 815-40-25 for contracts in an entity’s own equity. The guidance also requires entities to use the if-converted method for all convertible instruments in the diluted earnings per share calculation and include the effect of share settlement for instruments that may be settled in cash or shares, except for certain liability-classified share-based payment awards. ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of this guidance on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). ASU 2016-13 requires the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. ASU 2016-13 requires enhanced qualitative and quantitative disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand significant estimates and judgments used in estimating credit losses, as well as the credit quality and underwriting standards of an organization’s portfolio. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of this guidance on its condensed consolidated financial statements.Other guidance that has been issued since the end of our previous reporting period is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef